Macrame is a type of textile that is made by knotting instead of weaving or knitting.

The square (or reef knot) and various forms of “hitching”: various combinations of half hitches are the most common macramé knots. Sailors have historically used it to cover anything from knife handles to bottles to ship pieces, especially in intricate or ornate knotting styles.

Cavandoli macramé is a type of macramé that is used to weave geometric and free-form patterns. The double half-hitch knot is the most common knot used in the Cavandoli style. When working the left and right parts of a balanced piece, reverse half hitches are occasionally employed to keep the piece balanced.


Belts made of leather or fabric are another popular item made with macramé techniques. This method is used to make the majority of friendship bracelets given out among students and teenagers. Macramé jewelry and decorations may be sold by vendors at theme parks, malls, seasonal fairs, and other public areas.


The carvings of the Babylonians and Assyrians show one of the oldest recorded usage of macramé-style knots as adornment. Fringe-like plaiting and braiding decorated the clothes of the day, and their stone statuary reflected this.

Weavers in the Arab world twisted surplus thread into ornamental fringes along the margins of hand-loomed fabrics like towels, shawls, and veils. Macramé is thought to be originated from the Arabic macramia , which means “striped towel,” “ornamental fringe,” or “embroidered veil.”  According to another school of thinking, it is derived from the Turkish makrama, which means “napkin” or “towel.”
In northern Africa, the colorful fringes also helped to keep flies away from camels and horses.


The craft spread throughout Europe after the Moorish conquest of Spain, then Italy, particularly in the Liguria region. It was first introduced in England in the late 17th century at the court of Mary II. It was taught to Queen Mary’s ladies-in-waiting.



The ship made of macramé

The Victorian era was the peak of macramé. It was used to decorate most households in the form of tablecloths, bedspreads, and curtains. “To make rich trimmings for black and colored costumes, both for home wear, garden parties, seashore wandering, and balls—fairylike adornments for household and underlines,” according to Sylvia’s Book of Macramé Lace (1882).


It was a specialty in Genoa throughout the nineteenth century. “Its beginnings were in a 16th-century knotting lace method called as punto a groppo”


When they weren’t at sea, sailors manufactured macramé pieces and sold or bartered them when they arrived, extending the art to locations like China and the New World.

Macrame was used to make hammocks, bell fringes, and belts by British and American sailors in the nineteenth century.

The procedure was dubbed “square knotting” after the most common knot they employed. Macramé was also known as “McNamara’s lace” by sailors.


Macramé’s popularity waned in the 1960s, but it resurfaced in the 1970s as a popular fabric for wall hangings, clothing accessories, little jean shorts, bedspreads, tablecloths, draperies, plant hangers, and another home decor.

In America, macramé jewelry became trendy.

This jewelry, which mostly employs square and granny knots, frequently incorporates handmade glass beads as well as natural components such as bone and shell.

Macramé jewelry has grown fashionable in the shape of necklaces, anklets, and bracelets.

Macrame had fallen out of favor by the early 1980s, only to be revitalized by millennials.


Cords consisting of cotton thread, linen, hemp, jute, leather, or yarn are used in macramé.

Cords are distinguished by their construction, such as a 3-ply cord, which is made up of three twisted lengths of fiber.

Knots are frequently combined with various beads (glass, wood, etc. ), pendants, or shells to create jewelry.

Necklaces with ‘found’ focal pieces, such as rings or gemstones, are sometimes wire-wrapped to secure them or trapped in a net-like array of interwoven overhand knots.

Macramé cords can be mounted on a knotting board.

A C-clamp, straight pin, T-pins, U-pins, or upholstery pins can be used to keep cords in place.

A work of macramé can be started on a wooden or metal dowel for bigger decorative pieces like wall hangings or window coverings, allowing for a spread of dozens of strands that are easy to control.

Push-pin boards designed expressly for macramé are available for smaller projects, however, a plain corkboard would suffice.

Many craft stores sell beginner’s kits, work boards, beads, and materials in a variety of pricing ranges to suit the needs of the casual hobbyist or the serious craftsman.

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